In summer 1941, Vladimir Basov came to VGIK, intending to hand over documents for admission, but, instead, soon finds himself on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Then Basov was not yet 18 years of age.
In 1943, as a lieutenant quartermaster service, for the exemplary performance of duties as head of the club team he was awarded the medal "For Service in Battle". Organized their amateur ensemble has given more than 150 kontsertov.m 1941 Vladimir Basov in the war years came to VGIK, intending to hand over documents for admission, but, instead, soon finds himself on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Then Basov was not yet 18 years of age.
In 1943, as a lieutenant quartermaster service, for the exemplary performance of duties as head of the club team he was awarded the medal "For Service in Battle". Organized amateur ensemble gave them during the war more than 150 concerts.
In the rank of lieutenant with the artillery battery in February 1945 provided a strong point of the capture of the German defense at the cost of seriously wounded. Basov graduated from the war as a captain, and he had all the chances to make a great military career, but he chose acting. Experience has shown that Basov was not mistaken.
As Yuri Nikulin Anatoly Papanov served in the artillery. That's just got it in the army at the take-off of his acting career - he was called up for the first day of the war and was sent to keep fighting for Harkov.Tam Papanov witnessed the German offensive and the retreat of the Red Army, accompanied by a terrible loss, "Do forget how after two. half hours of battle of the forty-two men remained thirteen? "- he later recalled.
In 1942 Papanov was seriously wounded in the leg and in 20 years became disabled group 3 - he cut off part of the heel, and had to amputate two fingers. However, this injury is not subsequently prevented him learn to walk without a stick, finish GITIS and earn as an actor national recognition.
Smoktunovskij was drafted into the army in January 1943, but in August, without going to the end of officer training, he was sent to the front rank and file. He participated in the battles at Kursk, in the crossing of the Dnieper, in the operation for the liberation of Kiev. He was awarded the medal "For Courage" after being under fire reports delivered to the headquarters of his 75th Division. It so happened that premium sheets were lost, and this medal Smoktunovskij got into the hands of only 49 years later.
In December 1943, Smoktunovskij was captured and spent a month in the German camps in Zhitomir. From there he managed to escape, and for a while he was hiding in a Ukrainian family, risked his life for the sake of an exhausted soldier. With this family, he maintained a relationship for life. After that, he returned to the front Smoktunovskij already as a partisan, as his squad is not reunited with the Soviet army. In the rank of junior sergeant he participated in the liberation of Warsaw. His branch of one of the first to break through to the enemy trenches and destroyed about 20 Nazis. During this Smoktunovskij was awarded another medal "For Courage" and this time she had come to him svoevremenno.obessilevshego soldier. With this family, he maintained a relationship for life.
He finished the war Smoktunovskij in Germany and in October 1945 he returned from the army. As a former prisoner of war, it was not easy - the authorities banned the actor live in 39 major cities of the USSR. He has made great strides on the path of an actor he was after Stalin's death.
Yuri Nikulin Anatoly Papanov Innocent Smoktunovskij, Vladimir Basov ... We used to see them in your favorite movies, but usually do not think that these people had to go through the same hell in which visited almost all their contemporaries, through the terrible years of war 1941-1945 gg ..
In honor of the 71 anniversary of the Victory Day together with you, let us remember the legendary Soviet actor, who fought in the Great Patriotic War.
Yuri Nikulin. Like all high school graduates in 1939, Yuri Nikulin was under a mandatory conscription. He was sent to serve in the artillery regiment in Leningrad, where he experienced the beginning of the two wars - the Soviet-Finnish and the Great Patriotic War. During the war with Finland, if one of the tasks, Nikulin froze his feet. Fortunately, there were no serious consequences. The outbreak of war with Germany caught Nikulin there, near Leningrad. His battery had to fend off German planes attacked the Gulf of Finland on the first day of the war.
Nikulin survived the blockade days and times in this difficult time, visited Leningrad, while in 1943 did not go to the hospital with pneumonia. Almost immediately after the exit from the hospital he was hit by enemy artillery fire and a contusion on the back treatment. Return to the front of Senior Sergeant Nikulin in the summer of the same year. Until the end, he participated in the fighting, finding the day of victory in the Baltic States.
After the war, because of their age Nikulin had to spend a year in the army, and finally he was demobilized only in 1946. Yuri Nikulin was awarded three medals "For Courage", "For the Defense of Leningrad" and "For Victory over Germany". The future actor back home in Moscow at age 25, while still completely no idea what he will continue to do.
Soon the signs of an impending disaster hung over the Earth. Cracks began to appear that more and more deepened. The wise men of Lemuria predicted the coming cataclysm and identified safe places where people can get away, to escape, than took advantage of the Lemurian, sailed to Asia, Africa and some parts of America. They were the ones not because of fear, but because of the desire to preserve the achievements of its civilization settled in new places. Another part of the feeling that they stayed long enough in a physical body, decided to return to the small world when the cataclysm occurred. Some of the inhabitants of Atlantis, warning of impending disaster, went to the Yucatan, Egypt, Libya, Spain and Portugal, where they founded a school to teach writing, mathematics, astronomy and agriculture. So, the Great Pyramid of Giza was built with the help of skilled mathematicians and builders who left Atlantis. Every size, aspect ratio, internal passages, the number of steps contain information about the structure and size of the Earth, the timing of the shift the earth's axis, the position in the solar system. "Direct" heirs of Atlantis in Europe - the Basques in Spain and the Pyrenees mountains in France and the people of the Caucasus Mountains. When the disaster struck, the topography of the Earth has changed in the blink of an eye. Cities of Peru and Mexico, lying on the beach, shot up. Retaining only California - the former eastern coast of Lemuria. In Africa, the Nile River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean, has changed direction and found an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea. Sahara - former seabed - it has turned into a desert. What happened to Atlantis during this period? Part of the western territory plunged into the water, in other lowland areas appeared mountain ranges. As a result of changing the position of the equatorial climate deteriorated sharply Atlantis, which is likely to impact on the nature of the Atlanteans. Giant animals least suited to a sharp decline in temperature and reduce power, killed hundreds of thousands. Carried out excavations to the north of Mexico City found three prehistoric city, built one above the other, with a high for the ancient people cultures used iron oxide for casting ornaments of precious metals for 10, 000 years to the Bronze Age. So great lemurskaya civilization perished. Her place was taken by the civilization of Atlantis, whose inhabitants were quite aggressive and began to conquer other nations. For this purpose, they used a giant crystal by rays which almost instantly destroyed entire cities. Intoxicated by power that they had, the Atlanteans began to use for the control of other nations. Their arrogance has reached the point that they decided to conquer China, located on the opposite side of the globe. When Atlanteans sent rays through the center of giant crystals of the Earth, there was a tremendous explosion of force, and the entire continent of Atlantis sank. Now this place is called the Sargasso Sea, and it is particularly dangerous during active radiation sank to the bottom of giant crystals, when the sun and moon are in a certain position. So no wonder this place is always called the "graveyard of the Atlantic", which covers the area from the Great Antilles in the north and then to Florida, up to Cape Hatteras across the Atlantic Ocean in the direction of the Iberian Peninsula and Africa, including the Bermuda Triangle, where once stood Giant Crystal, is now resting on the seabed. Powerful explosion caused by giant crystals, not only to release the energy of enormous power, plunging into the water the whole continent, leaving only the Azores and the Bahamas, but caused such huge waves that washed the coast from other continents to hundreds of kilometers inland and caused incessant heavy rains during the many weeks. Reports of the Flood preserved in the myths and legends of many peoples.
Geographically, the continent of Atlantis stretched from the eastern shores of contemporary America, including coastal areas, where now the pants Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, West Indian Islands, Brazil, and almost to the west coast of Africa. The first rulers were highly developed individuals who could communicate by sending thoughts at a distance, so at first they did not need a script. Unfortunately, such an ability as telepathy, people have lost nowadays. This vital energy is the transmission of thoughts helped create such amazing inventions that have failed to achieve any one subsequent population of the earth. It was subsequently established Atlantis aircraft, underwater vehicles and instruments that resemble modern lasers that eventually evolved into the most advanced Atlantis technically advanced civilization. Externally Atlanta resembled modern American Indians, who believed to have originated from Atlantis: the nose is quite large, black-black hair, they were rubbed with beeswax mixed with rose oil, almost black eyes, clothing resembled a toga, white teeth, reddish skin tone. They eat soft food, raw vegetables, fruits, berries and meat roasted on an open fire, but the meat was used only on special holidays established by the King. The name of God is almost never spoken aloud, it could only portray symbolically as a combination of the sun and the crescent, and if it had to say the name, the lips rounded as for the pronunciation of the sound "O" (sun-figure) and then proceeds to (polumesyats- shape) - "m" sound, ie All words are pronounced as the sacred word "Om". The warm climate did not require thermal insulation of housing, water supplied through pipes. At Atlantis we had close trade relations with Egypt and Spain. In the Golden Age of the Atlanteans lived several hundred years. After 23-25 years, the main difference in age was considered a level of wisdom, experience, clarity of thought in relation to each other. Children from an early age were taught higher mathematics. Teens interested in more inventions than philosophy and linguistics emerged later. Therefore, children and teenagers can make calculations in his mind with the speed of modern computers. All collected information is stored in special cylinders. Some of these cylinders still kept close to the Great Pyramids of Gizah and part in ukatanomu. Atlanta decide when to leave their physical form, ie, die physically. They concentrated their will and attention, so clearly imagine another world measure that passed it with full consciousness and full right to take this step.
The myth of Atlantis interested many scientists since ancient times. In contrast to the widely accepted today the opinion that it is just a legend, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato believed in the actual existence of the Atlantean civilization velikorazvitoy. According to him, the mysterious continent sank to the ocean floor about 11 500 years ago. That is the conclusion he came about 355 g BC. That's what kind of story he heard Plato: "Nine thousand years ago for the strait which you call the pillars of Heracles (now the Strait of Gibraltar), was a huge island, which was called Atlantis. On this island there was a strong dynasty of kings. This dynasty tried to enslave many countries. However, several strong earthquakes split the island, he fell into the water and disappeared completely. Therefore, the sea in this place is inconvenient to navigate because of the slime in the upper layer of water - the remnants of the sunken island. The island was fairly large, rich in minerals and all the animals, including elephants. In the south, there was a vast plain of approximately 370 km to 550 km, and between the sea and the plain was located metropolis, the city-state of Atlantis, the center of which stood the royal palace with cold and hot baths, tombs, the Temple of Poseidon with golden statues of the god, "standing in the chariot drawn by six winged horses. " The town was surrounded by rows of walls that protect residents. Every 5-6 years the ten kings of Atlantis were going to the temple of Poseidon on the Council or the sentencing criminals. For many generations, the people of Atlantis remained the same high moral standards as their Athenian contemporaries. But over time they became too ambitious and greedy, and then Zeus decided to punish them ... "Of course, for many readers, this story does not sound very convincing. But modern science has proven with all certainty that our Earth more than once underwent changes its surface. After another cataclysm of the Earth, about 50 000 years ago, in what is now Peru, is to continue in the direction of the Pacific Ocean, up to the islands of Hawaii, Tahiti, Polynesia existed mainland, called Lemuria. At about the same time on the other side of the Earth was a different continent - Atlantis.
And if you are familiar with the Arthurian legends? Do you know them? I want to introduce you to them. All the legends are certainly linked with the legendary figure of King Arthur. And the Arthurian legend is a Celtic folk legends inhabitants of Wales, which became the basis of many poetic compositions, in which the center - image of King Arthur, one of the kings of the Britons (5-6 cc.), Successfully fought against the Anglo-Saxon invaders. The name Arthur Celts hopes on the restoration of independence. About the historical Arthur to mention 8. Celtic and Breton bards, as well as Latin Chronicle Geoffrey Monmautskogo "History of the Kings of Britain" (about 1137). Idealized Arthur and the Knights of the "Round Table" - the characters that embody the moral ideals of chivalry. Arthurian legends were perceived chivalric poetry in France - Chretien de Troyes (12th c.), Germany - Hartmann von Aue (12-13 cc.) treatment legend of St.. Grail gave Wolfram von Eschenbach's novel "Parzival" (about 1210). In England 13-14 centuries. There are translations of novels "Arthur," "Arthur and Merlin," "Morte d'Arthur", etc. The theme A. l. written the best English romance in verse, "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" (14.). In the 15th century. T. Malory created the novel "The Death of Arthur." Image used Arthur E. Spencer in "Faerie Queene", J. Dryden libretto "King Arthur", E. Bulwer-Lytton in his poem "Prince Arthur" W. Morris, in his poem "Defence Guinevere" A. Tennyson in " Idylls of the King. " Satirical parody of the Arthurian legends refraction got in Mark Twain's novel "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court."
Quite often, one can observe the following: Many people confuse the terms "myth" and "legend." So what is the fundamental difference between them? Myth - it is a certain literary genre, transmitting man's understanding of the origin of the world and natural phenomena, and the place of the individual in this world.
Over a very long time when epics were prophetic, magical birds remain on our soil the memory of one of the great feats of the heroes of Russia, - Alyosha Popovich-. Freed hero of the river Saratovka Polona (and even the name of this river Uraslavoy, ie Russian) his native sister. This place and this hour noted song of the lark, the song of the nightingale, song Russian man. Come, good people, on the river bank of Saratov, Saratov, expand fur accordion. Bells shore awake, yes Russian songs heard. Fly through the sky on a horse hero on a white horse in the gray dapple. And in the saddle in front of him - the soul-virgin daughter of a peasant. From dawn dawn yes white light stands, from dawn to dusk nightlights circles. And always something together in memory epic riverside Saratov cute brother and sister. Will not happen over desecration - Polonius Fiend not end in our land glorious song.
Saratov steppe during the time of the Horde, enlightened people called Polovtsian very poetically - "Country of apple." Here, in the desert, there were apple forests that survived for millennia, but fell under the "iron heel" of capitalist progress. Apple Sirt, ie river watershed - the eternal monument of the ancient culture of the wonderful fruit tree and at the same time not less ancient, who left a deep mark on the lives of our people and culture of Apollo, god grant me-.
The apple Syrty in 1833 made his journey AS-study Pushkin. On the trail of disturbance, dubbed the Pugachev rebellion, the great poet of the historic, then left to visit the land where it began and ended shock foundations of Russian life of the late 18th century. It is no coincidence whole chapter "History of the Pugachev rebellion" AS Pushkin Saratov assigned materials. As an eyewitness, Pushkin reports that Sokolovaya mountain dominates the city of Saratov.
Written tradition about any historical events or personalities. Hence, a legendary figure. In a figurative sense, refers to the covered with glory, causing admiration past events displayed in the fairy tales, short stories, etc. As a rule, contains an additional religious or social pathos.
Legend - an approximate synonym for myth; the epic story of what happened in ancient times; the main characters of the story - usually characters in the full sense, often directly involved in the events of the gods and other supernatural forces. Events in the legend are often exaggerated, added a lot of fiction. Therefore, scientists do not consider legends fully reliable historical evidence, without denying, however, that most of the legends are based on real events.
Legends are divided into religious and social.
Legends usually oral stories were often set to music; legends passed from mouth to mouth, usually wandering storytellers. Later, many legends have been recorded.
Because when composed legends about someone, it meant public recognition of his actions, the word acquired an additional meaning: so called events and figures (eg, "The Legend of Rock"), received recognition and honor.
Dear participants of the project! I am sure that every resident of the city has a story to tell, urban legends existed, exist and will exist. They pose a lot of mysteries, they have their own fascinating mysteries that sculpting with a fascinating back centuries. There is a mystery. And, of course, in turn, really want to learn more about the legends of different cities and places. This is surprising and informative. Maybe in your town has really exciting ghost stories, historical figures, mysterious places and untold treasures? Let us share with each other!
Guys! And what names you rare, that is, they occur in a single form, that is just one name and no more of this. Conduct an experiment, count all the names of boys and girls in the classroom, at school, in the village, if you live. Look what names are frequent, that is, they occur in different classes. For example: Sasha, Katya, Olga, Sergei has to 5,7,8,9, 11 classes. How much of their total number. Total 19 names and imyanositeley 379. Among them are many human Sasha, Katya much etc. We have, for example, rare names are Makar, Barbara, Arseny, Bogdan.
Legend (from Wed-Lat. Legenda «collection of liturgical passages for daily life") - one of the varieties of prose-tale folklore. Poetic tradition about any historical sobytii.Legendy also arise from the desire of the people to solve some long-term problems. So during the Mongol-Tatar yoke in Russia waiting for a hero who would liberate Russia from taxes to foreign invaders. In those days, went to a legend that has first hero .. Under legend understand the sequence of events for the whole nation in a certain period of its existence. Under the legend also understood the history of an event. There is another concept of legend - a plausible previous life special agent to perform certain tasks or living abroad as a resident.
Legends and stories tell of the exploits of some real or fictional personalities. For example, Ilya Muromets actually lived at the beginning of the XI century man has tremendous power. He attributed many different deeds committed during the reign of Prince Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev. About Ilya Muromets reached not only a legend, there's even a description of his appearance. Growth of 175 cm, weighing about 96 kg. Shoulder Width hero was about 90 cm By today's standards looks not outstanding, but if you take into account that the average growth of the inhabitants of Kiev at the time was about 155-158 cm, it is in fact on his head was above the others.