1. Music around us.

    • Music heals and teaches

      Judging by the results of clinical studies and the opinion of experts, music is able to: reduce pain

      improve mood and increase the mobility of patients with Parkinson's disease

      reduce the need for painkillers and sedatives after surgery

      relieve the symptoms of nausea and lightheadedness after chemotherapy

      reduce anxiety and worry

      lowering blood pressure

      facilitate for depression

      increase concentration and ability to creative activity.

      And, best of all, proceeds from all of these diseases may already be stored in your home music library. Suzanne Hapiru, chairman of the department of music therapy Berklee College in Boston, says: "In this area there are no exact requirements. It all depends on your personality, upbringing and features musical taste. The influence of music is based on the memories, feelings and associations that awakens your soul to a particular product. On some people, has a profound impact classical music, on the other - jazz. Most importantly - make the right choice. "

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    • Music in Russia

      Musical culture in Russia began, as elsewhere, with the creation of folk songs. Songs are usually composed people, but in ancient Russia appeared professional musicians - singers, storytellers, accompanied singing playing the harp. This singer is mentioned in the "Lay", called him Bayan. There were also clowns. They performed in the squares, fairs, they were invited to the wedding, and other celebrations.

      It is a pity that while all the work was oral, passed all the grounds at the hearing, then they will naturally vary somewhat. So tune our ancestors, we will never be able to hear it died with them. But X-XI i.v. in Russia appeared written professional music. First it was the so-called a hook letter every sound recorded special icons - flags (or hooks), they did not specify the height of each sound, but only reminded the singers on the total figure melodic tune. In Russia were very common chants. At first they were monophonic, but gradually begins to develop and polyphony.

      Since the end of the XVII century begins to develop and secular music. Very much for this great did the Russian Tsar Peter I. Included in the custom home music-making - performance monophonic songs accompanied by harpsichord, harp or guitar, and later of them grows and household romance.

      In the second half of the XVIII century beginning to open musical theaters, where staged the first national opera.

      XIX century brought the influence of Romanticism. In music come fabulous, fantastic images.

      Birth of Russian opera "Ivan Susanin" Glinka opened Russian classical music. In this opera Glinka raised to the highest level for the time of professional skills of music, with not only the loss of national identity, but also to identify it so fully and vividly, as it failed to make any one of the forerunners of the great composer.

      Since the mid-XIX century begins huge public and cultural revival in Russia. Public concerts were held regularly in opera houses comes a new audience. Develops and music criticism.

      In 1859 the great Russian pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein founded the Russian Musical Society, which did a lot for the development of musical culture. In 1862 he made the first discovery in the country of higher musical education institution - the St. Petersburg Conservatory and became the head of it. In the first issue were Conservatory Tchaikovsky, major music critic G. Laroche. For a long time professor in the Conservatory was NA Rimsky-Korsakov. Conservatory now bears his name. In 1866 opens in Moscow Conservatory, founded her brother AG Rubinstein - NG Rubinstein. In this conservatory taught PI Tchaikovsky, and subsequently became the Tchaikovsky Conservatory. In Moscow Conservatory trained such famous composers as SV Rachmaninov and AN Scriabin.

      Arrival in St. Petersburg young composer and pianist Alexeyevich Balakirev Mily was a truly historic event. To this young talent stretched young amateur composer. He met with a military engineer César Antonovich Cui and officer of the Preobrazhensky Regiment MP Mussorgsky. They were joined by a great connoisseur of art Stasov, Marine Corps student NA Rimsky-Korsakov, a chemistry professor AP Borodin, they later met with PI Tchaikovsky. All these different professions people united by one thing - a huge all-consuming passion for music. So there was a circle, known as the "Mighty Handful". He appeared only due to Balakirev, his talent, creative courage, inner strength. The members of this society discussed his new works, together dismantled the best works of Russian and European music. They especially appreciated Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Beethoven, Schumann, Berlioz and Liszt.

      It was born in the circle of ideas for writing operas on "Lay" and Borodin's "Khovanshchina" by Mussorgsky.

      Gradually work the "Mighty Handful" takes a broad public scale. In 1862, together with Balakirev GY Lomakin organizes free music school conducts symphonic concerts of the Russian Musical Society, which performed the music of his fellow mug.

      Members of the "Mighty Handful" a close friend, they were always willing to share with other ideas, stories, to help. So, Balakirev and Mussorgsky Rimsky-prompted Korsokovu stories symphony "Antar" and the opera "The Maid of Pskov", Cui and Mussorgsky Dorgomyzhsky presented the idea of ​​the opera "The Marriage"; Borodin podarin Rimsky-Korsokovu collection Algerian melodies were borrowed from the main theme of "Antar".

      Balakirevtsy admired the beauty of Russian songs. 40 Russian folk songs collected and processed Balakirev, 100 - Rimsky-Korsakov. Activities of the "Mighty Handful" has had a great influence on the development of the whole musical culture of the XIX century.

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    • Музыка на Руси

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    • Where did the music?

      This question has long worried people. Even in ancient times was a lot of legends about origin of music. Ancient "Greeks believed that music is granted them by the gods.

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