1. Приметы весны: цветёт мать-и-мачеха

    • Mother and stepmother in the week of the March Freeze

      Dear friends!

      Project of flowering mother and stepmother is popular not only among participants Freeze Frame, but also for all fans to watch the nature. Therefore, it is difficult to judge what the results of the project appeared on the map due to the general stop-frame, and which - thanks to individual nelenivyh and curious observers.

      Nevertheless, during the week of March 16 until March 30, we see several points blooming mother and stepmother on the map.

      The easternmost mother and stepmother of the Omsk region, the most northerly - from the Arkhangelsk region and flourished in the snow. The westernmost profile - mother and stepmother foreigner, flourished in the Vitebsk region of Belarus. But with most southern questionnaires from the Astrakhan region has turned strange.

      In the group "Researchers nature of the world" could not find a blossoming mother and stepmother, and even suggested that in Astrakhan it is not found. Therefore, the questionnaire in the project about the flowering mother and stepmother, they filled a tulip Bieberstein. This is certainly a very interesting plant, but it is much more appropriate it would be in the project "Spring has come, the flowers blossomed," or in the project "Caution! Primroses ". Participants of the group "Ekoznayka" from the Astrakhan region were more fortunate, they found the mother and stepmother, completed the questionnaire and confirmed the spread of this weed in the Astrakhan region.

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    • Why do some flowers bloom before all?

      Very early flowering has its advantages - before ripe seeds can germinate earlier, ahead of competitors. Therefore, some plants (as a mother and stepmother, for example) in full bloom when there is snow or just melted. But at close to zero temperature plant life almost stops, and for a very early flowering have to cook with all of last season. In particular, for this reason all the primroses - perennials. Please note that many primroses flowers appear before the leaves, in the mother and stepmother, for example, true leaves appear only when the flowers have faded (those leaves-scales that cover the stems of her flowers, it is not "real", they do not even very green and hardly capable of a lot nafotosintezirovat). When flowers appear, it is too cold for efficient photosynthesis, so leaves most primroses grow later when warmer. But you need to spend energy to expand flower to ripe all its stamens and pistils.

      But the flowers themselves have laid nearly finished form, it remains only to turn around. This is noticeable in late summer - early autumn. If you dig the roots mother and stepmother, they are ready to "shoot" flower shoots. In bulbous primroses (such a lot - crocus, snowdrops Scilla) if autumn cut the onion, it can be seen folded floral escape. Well, and energy for the unfolding of these shoots also stocked in the last year - in the form of nutrients in the bulb or rhizome.

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    • Coltsfoot and other primroses

      Foalfoot far ahead of all other primroses in the suburbs (except wolf bark - but like bushes and are not considered among the primroses?). Usually it blooms at the end of March or early April, and following her spring flowers - goose onions, Pulmonaria, anemone lyutichnaya, Corydalis, hepatica - three weeks after it. But this is our natural primroses. But in our climate feel fine and other snowdrops, which previously could only be seen in the botanical gardens, and now many are planted in their dachas. According to my observations, first of all we have such invasive blooming snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), hellebore and belotsvetnik spring (Leucójum vérnum), a week later - Siberian bluebell (Scilla siberica) and various types of crocus, then join them primrose, muscari, backache , hionodoksa, Pushkin, some tulips. Apart is the fragrant violet - she begins to bloom in the fall, and the snow is worth buds - it turns out that in winter it only pauses, and continues to blossom in the spring "from the same place," where it was interrupted frosts. Several years ago, in January thaw was very warm, so that even the snow melted - and arrived at the cottage, we found violet blossoms.

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