Some of the first spring butterflies (day peacock, traurnitsu Admiral) we define accurately, but with the most common hives - have problems.
Quite often, except urticaria as such is not very well-versed in entomology people (and we are the majority) are called the same name several other butterfly species with similar color and shape of the wings. I tried to figure out what are the differences.
From early spring butterflies occurring in the same orange and black colors, as hives, painted and even mnogotsvetnitsy uglokrylnitsy, and the shape of wings, they are also similar.
How can they be distinguished without the determinant? Will highlight in bold the most obvious differences.
Urticaria (Aglais urticae) - the brightest and most distinct pattern - on the leading edge of the front wing clearly visible alternating black and yellowish spots at the top - a white spot; three black spots round shape seen in the middle of the front fenders. On the rear wing - a sharp boundary between brown-brown, almost black interior and bright brick-red outer part. On the outer edge of the wings is a row of small blue spots lunate. The lower surface of the wings ("wrong side") brown-brown, across the front wing is broad yellowish stripe. Wingspan of 4-5 cm
Mnogotsvetnitsa garden(Nymphalis polychloros) top wings orange-red with black spots with yellow halo (2 large spots and about 7 smaller on the front wings, 2 large on the bottom). Along the edges of the wings - a dark border with crescent dim blue and yellow spots.
Mnogotsvetnitsa black and red, or mnogotsvetnitsa Eastern(Nymphalis xanthomelas)-The general background of brown-yellow-red. At the top of the front wings and dark border between the dark spot has a white spot, which distinguishes it from mnogotsvetnitsy garden. On the rear wing tooth longer than its width, blue spots along the outer edge of the bright.
Mnogotsvetnitsa black and red
Uglokrylnitsa c-white(Nymphalis c-album, or Polygonia c-album) - named for the distinctive feature - the presence of white spots on the underside of the rear wing in the form of the Latin letter «c». It is slightly smaller and urticaria mnogotsvetnits main background wings ocher-red, black spots, but no white. Wings on the lower side with a pattern of brown shades that mimic tree bark, and crisp white icon "s." The rear edge of the front wing with a characteristic semi-circular notch. The outer edge of the wing is very uneven, with marked ridges.