Most importantly, for the participants of this project not to confuse the first songs of the Great Tit and the beginning of the steady singing of tits. But I must tell you that birds who eat well and are in good shape can sometimes sing in November and December. I myself have seen such a phenomenon.
So, if you sum up all my observations of the singing of the big tits at the turn of the winter in 2018, and I do not get tired of telling everyone that the first songs of the big tits celebrate the change of the winter sub-season - a winter break, then the very first song this year was sounded on January 17.
In 2017, the first song of the titmouse sounded on January 19.
Observations of 2016 I described as follows:
"The first song of the Great Tit in 2016 was recorded on January 15. This day there was no thaw, it was frosty -10 ° C. Then the singing of the titm was heard from time to time until the end of January. Since January 29, the titmouses began to sing steadily, however, this time began a strong thaw, which continues and now on February 6, and the forecast promises all the next week at night a slight frost, during the day a small plus or about zero degrees.In addition to the songs of the titmouse, the marital behavior of birds is also recorded, in the forest the birds are examined by hollows, and in the residential building Hole Background arnie poles. "
In 2015, the titmice sang on February 10. And the very first songs I heard on January 24.
In 2014, the steady singing of tits was observed by February 6.
The general results of observations for five years indicate that the tits begin to sing at the end of January, if the winter is not abnormally warm, and spring is not too early, as happened last year. Steady singing is observed by the end of the first week of February.
Первые робкие песенки у нас уже прозвучали. Сейчас они едва слышны среди бесконечных машин, но уже довольно скоро станут уверенно перекрывать городской шум. И неважно, что впереди ещё пара месяцев снега и холодов, синицы знают – весна уже на пороге!
Известно, что птицы первыми чувствуют поворот к весне. И хотя первая песня большой синицы в Москве ещё не прозвучала, но сегодня, 16 января 2017 года, я слышала, как большая синица тихонько пробовала голос. Пение синицы можно «транскрибировать» как «тити-ку-тити-ку», а эта птицы делала так «ци-ци-чшшшш-ци-ци-чшшшш», ну буквально шёпотом напевала.
А в субботу 14.01.2017 я слышала первое «вж-ж-ж-ж» зеленушки!
Самая первая песенка большой синицы уже прозвучала в Москве! Это случилось 16 января 2016 года. В течение дня синицы пели несколько раз, погода была холодная, так что это песенка вряд ли была вызвана оттепелью. Начинаем весенние наблюдения!!!
For the second year in this blog I collect researcher observing the onset of spring in Moscow. Many residents of cities spring signs, which are assembled in our phenological course, difficult to watch, but friendly and cheerful Shinichi song is one of the earliest and true sign of spring. And so it happened that the collection of spring events in Moscow and a comparison with other cities in the spring - this is the second task of my diary of the researcher.
According to their observations, recorded in questionnaires, diary entries and observations, I can announce that starting from February 19, tits sing every day. So, until the occurrence of natural disasters and cold snaps, I can be considered the start date of a stable spring songs big tits 19 February 2015 on the results of observations of last year, I noted that the active singing big tits in my area have already started on 8 February.
February 16 in Moscow was freezing but sunny and Shinichi managed to hear a song, and today - February 17 - is as sunny and cold day I was able to note singing tits even in two districts of Moscow. Near the house on the way to work, and right next to the office GlobalLab when an hour later I drove to work. Since the photos either yesterday or today could not do that, it will show the map to zoom.
February 11, 2015 in Moscow turned out to be the day, it is appropriate to the approach of spring phenological characteristics. It was the first thaw in early February: sunny and cold day, the air temperature -10 ° C. And a bird in the center of Moscow near Arbat sang with might and main, which is confirmed by the questionnaires . But then the weather became worse, although the temperature did not fall below -5 ° C, and there were also zero temperature, but it was overcast, maybe that's why tits silent. February 15 had a truly February day. The air temperature was about -5 ° C, but due to a fairly strong northwest wind seemed much colder. Was a heavy snowfall. Time begins the blizzard. Within half an hour the sky was clear of clouds and managed to make quite spring pictures, but the birds were silent muffled.
In the center of Moscow near Arbat Street with an air temperature -8 Celsius cheerfully sings great tit. And this January 27! So, spring is sure to be! Bird photography I now do not, so you have to confine this brief entry in my diary researcher.
Fresh from Severomorsk profile announces start singing tits February 11, at the same time as the Tambov. 0 ° C, wind southeast. In the north, it's spring, when a bird ... But research GlobalLab old we remember that before the first flowers and leaves of the Murmansk region in central Russia longer. And the birds and so unexpectedly coincided.
In the analysis of questionnaires to start I check the air temperature and wind direction and force online gismeteo. I therefore rely on hard data about singing tits in Izhevsk, because in the questionnaire of 10 February Specified -20 ° C and gismeteo yields for the same day, -10 ° C, wind direction south, not east, as in the questionnaire, ice not noted Set Snow.
The protocol of our study suggests that, after the three days of singing tits, we believe that the beginning of spring singing recorded. And so, after the first timid songs 6, 7 and 8 February, tits and began to sing confidently throughout the area of observation. Moreover, when we observe the seasonal changes in plant life, then within the metropolis we usually see very significant difference in the timing of the events up to plus or minus two weeks. Birds sang the same time all over Moscow! That is, at least, for Moscow, we see that the seasonal effects are more stable for animals may be less dependent on the particular microclimate areas. Let's check this assumption with data from other participants from other localities.
Bird Spring does not begin at the same time, when the man. They have their own ideas about the seasons ... Crossbills are in January and February output chicks tits and greenfinches start singing in late January - early February.