On March 22, 2018, I noticed a friendly singing of oatmeal in a natural park on the bank of the Moskva River, where I go to watch the birds.
Oatmeal is a bird the size of a sparrow, but longer-tailed. The male in the wedding dress is dazzling lemon chest, forehead, cheeks. The song for oatmeal is simple, it is very easy to learn to recognize. Ornithologists describe it as a quiet melodic cry of "zin-zin-zin-zi-tioni", consisting of 5-8 monotonous syllables with a rise or fall on the last syllable, after which the continuation usually takes place in the form of various passages like "zhiyi". I most like to transcribe this song to human speech so "sip-sip-sip-sip-siiiiiiii".
Listen carefully! Maybe you also sing oatmeal!
Spring is the best time to learn to recognize birds by singing. Firstly, birds sing in the spring, attracting a girlfriend, marking the boundaries of their nesting sites. After they switch to hatching eggs and feeding off their offspring, it will be no longer up to the songs ... Secondly, in the spring the singing male demonstrates himself, climbs higher, commits a current flight, so he can be considered and compared the song with the image, what kind of bird song belongs to. Thirdly, in the spring there is no thick green foliage and the singing bird is particularly noticeable. Start with the distinction between songs of tits - big and blue eyes, goldfinches, green foxes and croissants, oatmeal, finch, gerbils.
June 1, 2015 I was lucky to get on the tour, which was organized by the Union of the Protection of Birds. Excursions led by remarkable specialists Georgi S. Erёmkin, Viktor Solodushkin and Natalia Bondarev. The road ran through a unique place near Moscow Upper Yauzsky wetland complex, and then through Elk Island National Park.
First of all Yauzskie marshes attracted us because it settled in Moscow's largest colony of gulls lake. Specialists account for it in the 6-7 thousand pairs of birds. Of course, it looks very impressive assemblage.
The interest of the people concerned about the seagulls and we did not linger too long within the colony. We wanted to see whether the already hatched chicks. But until the chicks were not enough, we were able to see only two motley chaychat who hid in a thicket of grass.
Photo of Natalia Bondareva
The head of the expedition has taken a single sortie, and brought us to see the eggs of gulls. Experts say that it will not harm the birds, but I certainly do not recommend repeating this experiment. Seagulls jealously protect their offspring.
Wetland complex pleased us not only birds, but also beautiful plants. So we saw the calla marsh, which is a Red Book plant for many regions of Russia.
In the forest of the park on the way to the water pumping station we met a large number of birds and their chicks grown. Starlings and snowbird dragged caterpillars and worms and young skvorchatam drozdyatam. Flycatcher and then enters the hollow of his high on berёze.Na this photo bird in the center of the frame, and the hollow of the left below. The entrance of the hollow so beautiful and round, as if he did a drill ...
The photo of Natalia Bondareva seen as Flycatcher perched on the edge of the hollow.
And here's another one duplognёzdniki, met us on the road ... In this picture (the author - Natalia Bondarev) can be easily distinguished young nuthatch from its parent. Guess how!
It's only the beginning of June, and nuthatches-fingerlings in appearance indistinguishable from parents already!
Many of the birds we have not seen, but learned by singing. Heard thrushes - singing and black, willow warbler and Common Chiffchaff, finches and icterine warbler. And as many as three types of warblers - gray Slavka, garden warbler, blackcap. And the water singing sedge warbler and river warbler, and, of course, the nightingales!
Soon we came to another part Yauzsky wetland. Here we caught a rare opportunity to meet for Moscow and the Moscow region ducks - gray duck and shoveler, the only known nest in the county Common Gull, charming water rats and muskrats. Seen grebes, eared grebe, Pochard, Tufted Duck.
On the open water surface, we met a duck, mallard with brood. Chicks-puhovichki kept tightly-tightly to my mother, and did not have time to gape popadёshsya crow or marsh Lun.
Photos of Natalia Bondareva
A marsh harrier, by the way, hovering near ... (Photo by Natalia Bondareva)
We met a nice bird and coots. Despite the fact that she spends much time in the water, it is not duck. This waterfowl Pastushkova family (cousin rather cranes). Even at her feet not webbed, and leatherback rim. Learn coots easy on black plumage and white leathery patches on the forehead, due to which it got its name. And swimming coot, funny bowing at every movement.
(Photo by Natalia Bondareva). Nestling coots is very funny. White spots like my mother on his head yet, head bright red-orange, all of it is covered with black down, the feet appear too large. When coots chicks they become very aggressive, we have seen how they chase ducks.
(Photo by Natalia Bondareva) Please note that when coot in a hurry, it practically runs on the water as on dry land.
From this place, we were able to see a colony of seagulls on the other side. On the picturesque dry tree were even more spectacular gull.
Ends excursion acquaintance with interesting and quite nice to look at, but very sinister caterpillar grass lasiocampidae.
This large caterpillar feeds on grasses and sedges, especially preferred hedgehog team. She needs a relatively large amount of water if the water is not enough, it attacks other kind of tracks and drains them. Such is the caterpillar cannibal.
Summer time is great! I wish you all success in bird watching!
Птицы окружают нас повсюду и встречаются нам гораздо чаще других позвоночных животных. Иногда мы замечаем саму птицу, иногда мы слышим её голос (пение, крик тревоги), а иногда мы можем заметить следы, оставленные птицей.
Весной, когда стает снег, в лесу легко обнаружить дятловы кузницы. Следы кормовой деятельности большого пёстрого дятла – очень заметная вещь!
Представьте, что вы идёте по лесной тропинке и вдруг видите вот что:
Вокруг большого дерева валяются сотни, а может быть и тысячи шишек. Каждая шишка выглядит побитой, чешуйки её отогнуты, могут быть расщеплены.
Значит, именно на этом дереве – в расщелине ствола или большого сука – большой пёстрый дятел устроил свою кузницу. Щель может быть выдолблена дятлом, но иногда дятел немного подправляет уже существующую расселину в стволе дерева. В ней дятел заколачивает шишку вверх концом, ударами клюва отгибает чешуйки шишки и достаёт семена. Примечательно, что дятел не выбрасывает съеденную шишку немедленно. Сначала он летит на поиски новой подходящей шишки, срывает её, перебивая клювом черешок, приносит к кузнице. Здесь он зажимает новую шишку между стволом и грудью, а старую вытаскивает клювом и выбрасывает.
В литературе описано, что дятел многократно переворачивает шишку и обрабатывает её со всех сторон, но в Подмосковье мне попадались в основном шишки, обработанные только с одной стороны, с очень небольшим числом отогнутых чешуй.
Летом, наверное, недоклёванные дятлом шишки станут пищей для лесных мышей, потому что горы шишек вокруг дятловой кузницы – это характерная примета конца зимы-начала весны, но не других сезонов.
Расскажите, случалось ли вам встречать кузницу большого пёстрого дятла?
Guys, it's pretty cool that you like our project. But still should be attentive to the rules of the form, so I do not have now and then block them for violation of the study protocol ... I want to reiterate the rules that somehow violate many:
It's great that the guys have recently become increasingly interested in birds. Although the questionnaires can be seen that many people do not know that much about them. For example, almost all write that great tits male and female do not differ. And it is not so! A big tits male differs from the female well in width stripes across the chest - she had samochki narrow, sometimes even with tears, and the male is a clear, wide, perfectly visible. By the way, the width of this band in males can be determined even their "social status" in the pack - the wider the strip and brighter plumage color, the higher the status of a bird. That's such an interesting connection.
The autumn - a mass migration of birds. Many kinds of leaves for the winter as far warmer climes, and just a little further south, where the winter is not as cold and easier to eat. And although many of them prefer night flights, but still an observer autumn migration - a chance to see unusual birds for the area, including those that are usually very difficult to find. For example, in Moscow every fall right in the city meet stray woodcock - a very secretive and extremely cautious woodcock.
If you encountered an unfamiliar bird, the most important thing - it's like you can see it better, remember, or if you are photographing it, make as many shots. Also, pay attention to how a bird behaves, which is whether there is a number of other birds of the same species. All this will help to further define.