Russia participated in 19 summer and 15 winter Olympics.
At the first Olympic Games in 1896 Russia's representative General Butovo was part of the IOC, but Russian athletes still participate in the games did not take. Russia first participated in the Olympics in 1900 at the Summer Olympics in Paris. Of Russian athletes, the first Olympic gold medal was won in 1908 by skater Nikolai Panin at the IV Olympic Games in London.
USSR participated in the Summer Games since the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki in winter - with 1956 Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo.
After the collapse of the USSR at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona and the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville Russian athletes, as well as other CIS countries, participated in the joint team under a common flag, and since the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer - in a separate team under its own flag .
Under the flag of the Russian Federation athletes won 315 Olympic medals at the summer and 91 medal at the Winter Olympics. Thus, only the last nine Olympics was won 406 medals, including 144 - gold.
In the USSR passed one Olympics - XXII Summer Olympics in Moscow in 1980, after an unsuccessful bid for the Summer Games in 1976. Several events in 1980 Olympics were held in Leningrad, Mytishchi and outside the USSR in Kiev, Minsk, Tallinn.
In post-Soviet Russia Moscow unsuccessfully contested the Summer Olympics in 2012 and Sochi won the right to host the XXII Winter Olympic Games 2014. St. Petersburg also qualify for the Summer Olympics in 2004 and 2016 and is expected to bid for the summer Olympics in 2024. Willingness to spend the summer Olympics in the 2020s. objects on the 2013 Universiade and the World Championships in 2015 and Aquatica Cup 2018 also stated Kazan.
One of the essential character of the Olympic Games is lit continuously throughout the Olympics in its implementation - starting with the opening ceremony and ending direct conclusion of the Games. The tradition of lighting the Olympic flame existed in ancient Greece - it served as a reminder of the heroism of titanium Prometheus, according to legend, who stole fire from Zeus and gave it to people. The tradition was revived in 1928 and continues to this day.