Zoonyms that are the subject of our research - is one form of proper names.
Proper names, as you may remember, are designed for specific naming, certain objects (objects in the broad sense, ie here and will treat certain people, animals, cities, rivers, etc.) and their allocation of a number of similar. For example, many cities in Russia, and Moscow alone, and also one of Ryazan. So many cats, and my Kuzma - it is specific, cat.
Science that studies the names of their own called onomastics.
A proper names are divided into different types. Remember:
animal names - names of animals,
names of people - Anthroponims,
geographical names - toponymy
and of place names stand out:
Waternames - the names of rivers and other bodies of water,
Oronyms - names of mountains,
Oikonymy - names of settlements,
GODONIMY - street names
AGORONIMY - name space,
HORONIMY - names of countries with large areas, large spaces.
Once, without thinking, we entered without translation Mickey Mouse. It would be truer - Mickey Mouse. So he settled down in Russia without translation. Now kids can see on the screens of Mighty Mouse. And everyone knows that the mighty mighty in English? And how bad it would be - Brave Mouse, strongman?
Source: Nora Gal "The word is living and the dead"
When you select a name (nickname) for your dog sometimes gets an idea to bind the search word "nationality" of the breed of dog, or maybe you're looking for just a nice nickname national, foreign style. We believe this selection will give you the necessary inspiration and the dog find its remarkable name that will appeal to both her and you.
In the UK, reigns a cult animal. Published dozens of specialized newspapers and magazines for "our little brothers" are fan clubs of different species of animals, animal protection society. It is estimated that almost every second house in Britain keep pets. In the first place there are dogs (there are more than 6 million) is then cats (about 5 million), parrots (3,000,000), rabbits, and many others. Pets different breeds often have traditional nicknames. Thus, among tetrapods is still fairly common names: Puss, Kitty, Tib - Cat, Tom - for cats. Popular nickname is the parrot Polly. By choosing names for newborn puppies purebred, English breeders often guided by the following rules: nicknames puppies should be thematically linked with the names of their parents. Thus, in dogs Duster (Pylevik) and Mop (Mop) puppies named Bucket (Pail), Scrubber (scraper), Polish (Gloss), Sponge (Sponge), Flannel (flannel), Brush (Brush), Broom (broom) Soap (soap). Preferably also the name of the puppy to start with the same letter as the name of his father or mother. In the name of the dog is not allowed to use the names of famous people, names of countries and cities, foreign words, numerals. Dog name may consist of no more than twenty-four letters, but in practice these names are much shorter and often include two syllables: Promise (The Promise), Pancake (Pancake), Polestar (Guiding Star), Planet (Planet), Passion (Passion ), Picnic (Picnic). Less common names trёhslozhnye: Manager (Master), Merryman (Laughter). Obviously, the short moniker is more convenient because it allows you to achieve rapid implementation service commands. For the names of animals in the UK, you can apply this classification above us. Among the nicknames we meet personal names: Max, Charlie, Tom, Jones. Widespread nicknames derived from words denoting the size, color, and other features of the appearance of the animal. For example, the nickname Tiny (Tiny), Patch (Shred), Spot (Pyatnysh), Smoky (Haze), Darky (Apiocera), White (Belyanka), Redhead (Krasnogolovka), Sandy (Sandstone), Amber (Amber), Rusty ( Rusty), Blackie (Chёrnenky), Brownie (Brown) talk about animal coloration. Socks (Socks) - the special color of the limbs. Frequent nicknames, which reflect the character traits of the animal: Patience (Patience), Lady (Lady), Joy (Joy).
From the dictionary of modern nicknames: Abra Kadabrik, absolute ruler, Agent oo9, Scarlet bloodless, Alex the Great, Astana-Martin (fastest animal), the atomic explosion. White Mage, White Star, White Eye, White Dragon, White Tooth, White chocolate maker, Infinite Energy, Raging Fang, more passion, diamonds Sight, Wild Norov, Burger King (fan out) Quick distemper. Van Goga, Van Helsing, The Age Rohmarin, Grand Knight, Eternal Beauty, Vivienne Westwood (bright animals), a virtual world, Wolf Gaze, Rising Star, Willie Haslam, Higher Mind. Ugly primates, the Milky Way Galaxy, the Galactic Alien, Harmony of the Spheres.
Here is another interesting observation of the dissertation EV Guseva. Now the names of the animals in the past. "Zoonimikon past differs from the present availability of, for example, verbal nicknames (swears, catches up and under.) And nicknames formed from words denoting the type of sound produced by animals (Basilo, Lute and under.). In the modern zoonimikone these nicknames are extremely rare. " In exchange the question still occur such as names today, albeit rarely, or not? Maybe someone knows some examples?
Read the other day a curious dissertation, directly related to the topic of our project. Author - Elizabeth V. Gusev. Title - "Socio-cultural factors nomination: on the material of modern urban zoonyms." In simple words, this study, which focused on the factors in the culture and society that influence the choice of the name of the animal. Jobs defended at MSU. I am interested in one of the conclusions of the study. It is associated with honors from the rural urban nicknames. Elizabeth V. wrote: "Urban zoonimikon differs from agriculture, primarily form the basis of the composition (urban zoonimikone otantroponimnye nicknames prevail over otapellyativnymi, while in rural zoonimikone - vice versa), and the absence or extreme rarity of some types of motivation (for rural zoonimikona characterized motivation birth date or the date of bringing the animal offspring urban zoonimikona first motivation - an extreme rarity, the second is non-existent). " In simple terms: in animal nicknames often associated with human names (Manya, Vasya Lariska etc.), and in the countryside are more common nicknames animals, derived from common nouns. For example, Ryabushko - from the speckled, Fluff - from fluff, fluffy, Murka - from purr, and the pet may be called by the date of his birth or of bringing them to posterity. The question "why?". Why is this happening? Elizabeth V. suggests that this difference is due to the fact in the city Home "beast" is perceived as a family member, in this sense, is equated with the man. In the countryside the situation is different: the animal in the first place, performs the functions of production, it feeds or protects a person catches mice, etc. That thinking how much I agree with this explanation. I somehow just consider their pets members of the family, but to me, in this case, never liked it when the animal is called the Russian human name. And that's why I do not like it, never thought of.
Ball - one of the most common canine nicknames in Russia. Every third mongrel in the village, thin, greyish, hanging out in search of something edible between courtyards, lifts his head and rushes to his grandmother-mistress to the call: "Ball! Ball!" And think about it: where does the ball? What relation chubby ball has to this dog? It turns out that the name is not at all connected with the ball, and with the verb "fumble". After all, the true kind of ball runs through the village, fumbles here and there, maybe it will fall and tasty ... Or will feed on the ball - a gift that is, there is a saying. And another with the same root hinge - "ball-nothing". Here he is, where did this Russian balls.