Fountain is the splashes of happiness ...
From a marvelous faucet of gold pours a wave whose clarity is more pure than a soul; The turquoise and silver form ribbons in the basin coming from this faucet of gold... (Persian poet Azraqi, the 11th century).
I wonder, do you know the fact that we can look at fire, stars and water for a long time? And it is not accidentaly. We feel better near the fountains, because humid air strengthens our immunity. And waterfall promotes relaxation. That's why fountains and waterfalls are so popular.
From ancient times people thought about creation the ponds and they interested in the riddle of running water.
A fountain (Italian: fontana, from Lat. Fons - source), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water or for a decorative effect.
Fountains were originally purely functional, connected to springs or acueducts and used to provide drinking water and water for bathing and washing to the residents of cities, towns and villages.
At first fountains were used for decoration. Roman fountains were decorated with bronze or stone masks of animals or heroes. In the Middle Ages, garden designers used fountains to create miniature versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France used fountains in the Gardens of Versailles to illustrate his power over nature. The baroque decorative fountains of Rome in the 17th and 18th centuries marked the arrival point of restored Roman aqueducts and glorified the Popes who built them. By the end of the 19th century, as indoor plumbing became the main source of drinking water, fountains became purely decorative.
Nowadays fountains are used for decoration of city parks and squares. They are to honor persons or events, for recreation and for entertainment.